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防腐木存储和使用时防止表面开裂与形变的方法

来源:http://www.jnajgc.com 时间:2022-07-09

由于防腐木的性能优越,现在很多工程施工时都会用到它,但在其的制作和安装的过程中若是想要保证防腐蚀性能的话,有很多事项都需要注意。
Due to its superior performance, anticorrosive wood is now used in many engineering construction, but if you want to ensure the anticorrosion performance in the process of its production and installation, there are many matters that need to be paid attention to.
1、在施工现场,木材储放时应该放置于通风的位置,同时要尽可能的避免太阳暴晒。
1. At the construction site, the wood should be stored in a ventilated place, and the sun exposure should be avoided as much as possible.
2、在搭建露台时要尽量使用长木板减少接头,以求美观;板面之间留5-10mm的缝隙,所有连接点都要用热浸式镀锌紧固件,或者不锈钢及五金。
2. When building the terrace, try to use long boards to reduce joints for beauty; Leave a gap of 5-10mm between the plate surfaces, and all connection points should use hot-dip galvanized fasteners, or stainless steel and hardware.
3、后期清洗木材时可以使用普通的洗涤剂清洗,并不会影响它的防腐性能。
3. When cleaning wood in the later stage, ordinary detergent can be used, which will not affect its anti-corrosion performance.
4、施工时,应该尽可能使用合适尺寸的木材,如果实在需要切割或钻孔的话,一定要用CCA防腐剂进行涂刷补救,以保证防腐木的使用寿命。
4. During construction, wood of appropriate size should be used as much as possible. If it is really necessary to cut or drill holes, CCA preservative must be used for painting and remediation to ensure the service life of anticorrosive wood.
5、如果想要更大程度的保护木材的话,可以涂刷木器漆,以减少开裂,但一定要等木材干燥以后在操作。在安装过程中,木材表面涂刷涂料后的48小时内,应避免人员走动或重物移动,以防对木材表面已形成的保护膜造成伤害。
5. If you want to protect the wood to a greater extent, you can brush wood paint to reduce cracking, but you must wait for the wood to dry before operation. During the installation process, within 48 hours after painting the wood surface, people should be prevented from walking or moving heavy objects to prevent damage to the protective film formed on the wood surface.
防腐木在使用的过程中不同侧面接触的外界环境条件差别较大,其内部水分在不同表面向外界散失的速度差别非常大,导致木材的表面积在不同位置的变化程度不同。因为在户外使用时可能会遇到各种恶劣天气,因此木材表面可能会出现裂纹、细微变形的情况,这属于正常现象,并不会对它的防腐性能和结构强度产生影响。
In the process of using preservative wood, the external environmental conditions of different side contacts vary greatly, and the speed of internal moisture loss to the outside on different surfaces varies greatly, resulting in different degrees of change in the surface area of wood at different positions. Because it may encounter all kinds of bad weather when used outdoors, cracks and slight deformation may appear on the wood surface, which is a normal phenomenon and will not affect its corrosion resistance and structural strength.
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