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防腐木防腐的原理是什么?

来源:http://www.jnajgc.com 时间:2021-05-26

防腐木是采用防腐剂渗透并固化木材以后使木材具有防止腐朽菌腐朽功能、生物侵害功能的木材,是人类生产、生活中不上可或缺的自然资源,因其具有优异松璟的视觉、触觉、听觉以及调湿等性能,而深受人们喜爱。
Preservative wood is a kind of wood that can prevent the decay of fungi and biological invasion after the preservatives are used to penetrate and solidify the wood. It is an indispensable natural resource in human production and life. It is deeply loved by people because of its excellent visual, tactile, auditory and humidity control properties.
然而对于木材来说,其引入生物特性,也就不可避免新地存型在易受菌、虫侵袭,易材腐朽等料问题。国内常见的防腐木主要有两种材质:樟子松和北欧赤松。樟子松材质防腐木主要是进口原木在国内做的防腐木处理,多为CCA药剂处理。
However, for wood, the introduction of biological characteristics, it is inevitable that the new type of wood is vulnerable to bacteria, insects, wood decay and other problems. There are two kinds of common preservative wood in China: Pinus sylvestris var. mongolica and Pinus densiflora. The anti-corrosion wood of Pinus sylvestris var. mongolica is mainly treated by imported logs in China, most of which are treated by CCA.
山东防腐木
北欧赤松材质防腐木是由国外做好防腐处理,进口到国内直接销售的防腐木材,均为ACQ药剂处理,且通常被成为“芬兰木”。人们习惯于把防腐木称为芬兰木,其实这是不对的,很容易让不懂防腐木的人误解。
Nordic Pinus densiflora anti-corrosion wood is imported from abroad and sold directly in China. It is treated with ACQ and is usually called "Finnish wood". People are used to call antiseptic wood Finnish wood. In fact, this is wrong, and it is easy for people who don't understand antiseptic wood to misunderstand it.
国际上通行的对木材进行防腐处理的主要方法是:采用一种不宜溶解的水性防腐剂,在密闭的真空罐内对木材施压的同时,将防腐剂打入木材纤维。经过压力处理后的木材,稳定性更强,防腐剂可以有效地防止霉菌、白蚁和昆虫对木材的侵害。
The main method of wood preservative treatment in the world is to use a water-based preservative which is not suitable for dissolving, put pressure on the wood in a closed vacuum tank, and at the same time, put the preservative into the wood fiber. After pressure treatment, the wood is more stable. Preservatives can effectively prevent the damage of mold, termite and insects.
从而使经过处理的木材具有在户外恶劣环境下长期使用的卓越的防腐性能。、安装的时候不用再加任何的保护性涂料,本身防腐木就具有防腐的功效,具有一定的保护性。如果消费者对购买的防腐木的颜色不是很满意的话,需要做更改处理的时候,推荐使用油性的或者是水性的涂料来处理,这样两种涂料的性能就可以共存,也不会对防腐木造成破坏。
Therefore, the treated wood has excellent corrosion resistance for long-term use in outdoor harsh environment When installing, you don't need to add any protective coating, so the anti-corrosion wood has anti-corrosion effect and certain protection. If consumers are not very satisfied with the color of the purchased wood, it is recommended to use oil-based or water-based coatings when they need to change the treatment. In this way, the performance of the two coatings can coexist and will not cause damage to the wood.