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防腐木需要做防腐的原因是什么?

来源:http://www.jnajgc.com 时间:2020-06-19

1、减少原木在贮存、运输过程中由于变质造成的浪费和损失
1. Reduce the waste and loss caused by deterioration during the storage and transportation of logs
防腐保护方法是用含有防腐、防虫作用的木材保护剂在原木上进行预防性处理,防止原木遭到变色菌、木腐菌、木材害虫等生物的侵害,保持原木的品质和质量,可避免原木在贮存(尤其在夏季)和运输中的变质,保持原木的新鲜和品质。从而节约木材,减少(因锯掉变质端头而造成的)经济损失。
The antiseptic protection method is to use the wood protective agent with antiseptic and insect proof functions to carry out the preventive treatment on the log, to prevent the log from being attacked by the chameleon, wood rot fungus, wood pests and other organisms, to maintain the quality and quality of the log, to avoid the deterioration of the log in storage (especially in summer) and transportation, and to maintain the freshness and quality of the log. Thus, the wood is saved and the economic loss (caused by sawing off the deteriorated end) is reduced.
2、减少木材在加工、运输过程中由于变质造成的浪费和损失
2. Reduce the waste and loss caused by wood deterioration in the process of processing and transportation
国内外许多企业,由于在加工和贮运过程中不对木材(锯材、方材)进行防变色、防霉处理,导致木材进一步加工时或出口后出现变色,不得不刨掉或锯掉木材表面和端头已变色的部分,造成巨大浪费。出口材还受到索赔,造成进一步的经济损失。
Many enterprises at home and abroad have to cut off or saw off the discolored part of the surface and end of the wood, resulting in great waste, because they do not conduct discoloration and mildew proof treatment on the wood (sawn wood and square wood) in the process of processing, storage and transportation, resulting in discoloration of the wood during further processing or after export. Export materials are also claimed, resulting in further economic losses.
木材的防变色、防霉处理工艺,是将防变色剂(通常为浓缩液体)用水稀释,然后将木材在稀释后的防变色溶液中浸沾1min左右取出即可。当然也可以采用喷雾法,但存在药剂的浪费问题。若在防变色溶液中加入防虫剂,还可解决木材的防虫问题,即一次处理可达到防变色和防虫的效果。
The anti tarnishing and anti mildew treatment process of wood is to dilute the anti tarnishing agent (usually concentrated liquid) with water, and then dip the wood in the diluted anti tarnishing solution for about 1 min and take it out. Of course, spray can also be used, but there is a waste of drugs. If insect repellent is added to the solution, the problem of wood insect control can be solved, that is, the effect of one-time treatment can be achieved.
3、延长木材的使用寿命
3. Extend the service life of wood
木材(包括木制品、木结构)的使用寿命与作为一种材料使用的可持续发展密切相关。不仅湿木材在贮存、加工、运输过程中易发生变色、腐朽、虫蛀,导致木制品(木屋、家具、门窗、地板)和木结构(木梁、桥面、楼梯/护栏)以及电杆、枕木、木桩等的使用寿命缩短。对此进行维修、更换就需要使用更多的木材,而且需二次投资,造成木材的浪费和经济上的重复投资,这也是一种经济损失。
The service life of wood (including wood products and wood structures) is closely related to the sustainable development as a material. It is not only easy for wet wood to change color, rot and moth in the process of storage, processing and transportation, but also shortens the service life of wood products (wooden house, furniture, doors and windows, floor) and wood structures (wooden beam, bridge deck, stairs / guardrails), poles, sleepers, stakes, etc. More wood is needed for maintenance and replacement, and secondary investment is needed, which leads to waste of wood and repeated investment in economy, which is also a kind of economic loss.
用防腐剂加压处理木材,使木材具有防腐的功能,可使木材的使用寿命大大延长。
The wood treated with preservative under pressure has the function of antisepsis, which can prolong the service life of wood greatly.
我们得知道什么是山东防腐木材?
What do we need to know about Shandong antiseptic wood?
简单地说就是经防腐处理过的或一些本身具有防腐特性的天然木材,目前市场上销售松木类的有樟子松、芬兰木、花旗松、南方松,硬木类的木材也是可以做防腐处理,只是硬木类的木材密度高相对的没有松木类的防腐效果好,而松木类属软木,对防腐药剂吸收较好,同时比起其它软木来说(如杉木)强度要好。
In short, it is the natural wood that has been treated with anti-corrosion treatment or has anti-corrosion characteristics. At present, the pine sold on the market are camphor pine, Finnish wood, Douglas fir and southern pine. The hardwood wood can also be treated with anti-corrosion treatment, but the hardwood wood with high density has no better anti-corrosion effect than the pine wood, and the pine wood belongs to the softwood, which absorbs more anti-corrosion agents Well, it's also stronger than other softwoods (such as fir).
我们的防腐处理过程是采用真空高压将防腐剂浸注入木材,防腐液中的有效成份为铜离子,简称:DDAC,有效的起到防腐作用,相比未经防腐的木材使用寿命延长。
Our anti-corrosion treatment process is to use vacuum high pressure to soak the preservative into the wood. The effective component of the anti-corrosion solution is copper ion, referred to as ddac, which can effectively play the role of anti-corrosion and prolong the service life of the wood without anti-corrosion.
济南防腐木材非常大的特点就是自然美观,随着人们生活水平的提高,对户外环境也有了新的高点与需求,木材是贴近自然本色的,设计师们在规划设计的同时也将防腐木材作为园林景观的一个亮点融入其中,如今的公共休闲场所,别墅小区,湿地公园,农庄等都广泛应用到防腐木材,现在家庭用户也逐渐增多,顶楼的阳台、庭院景观、户外成品家具也成为防腐木材延伸的一个趋势,在繁华都市的大街小巷中都能感受的防腐木材给我们的环境增添一抹绿色
With the improvement of people's living standards, there is a new high point and demand for outdoor environment. Wood is close to the natural color. While planning and designing, designers also integrate the antiseptic wood into the landscape as a highlight. Today's public leisure places, villas, wetland parks, farms, etc It is widely used in antiseptic wood, and now there are more and more family users. The balcony, courtyard landscape and outdoor finished furniture on the top floor have also become a trend of the extension of antiseptic wood. The antiseptic wood that can be felt in the streets and alleys of prosperous cities adds a green color to our environment