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如何鉴别防腐木和碳化木?

来源:http://www.jnajgc.com 时间:2020-02-10

碳化物木材被分为两种,分别是深度碳化物木材和表面碳化物木材,以下是防腐木材与碳化物木材之间的区别:
Carbide wood is divided into two types, deep carbide wood and surface carbide wood. The following is the difference between anticorrosive wood and carbide wood:
一、炭化木材经高温炭化处理,分为表面炭化木材和深层炭化木材。
1、 Carbonized wood can be divided into surface carbonized wood and deep carbonized wood.
1、表面炭化木材被火烧烤,使木材表面有一个非常薄的碳化层。木材性能的变化类似于木材的油漆。它还可以突出凹凸木纹在表面,表面是类似于燃烧木材,从而产生了三维效果。主要应用于工艺品、装饰材料和水族产品。也被称为过程碳化木材,木炭燃烧木材。
1. The surface carbonized wood is roasted by fire, which makes the wood surface have a very thin carbonized layer. The change of wood properties is similar to that of wood paint. It can also highlight the concave and convex wood grain on the surface, which is similar to burning wood, thus producing a three-dimensional effect. It is mainly used in handicrafts, decorative materials and aquatic products. Also known as process carbonized wood, charcoal burns wood.
2、深炭化材又称完全炭化材和均匀炭化材。在180~250℃高温炭化工艺处理后,由于木材营养成分的破坏,具有良好的防腐和防虫功能,使让木材的元素重新复合,具有较好的物理性能,是一种真正绿色环保的产品,产品不仅具有防腐防虫的性能,而且不含任何有害物质,不仅提高了木材的使用寿命,而且不使用药液浸泡。在生产过程中,处理后的废料用于治疗人体,动物和环境无任何负面影响。深炭化木材在欧洲已有近十年的生产经验,是CCA防腐木材禁用后的主要替代产品。深炭化防腐木材在室内外墙板还有室外地板家具等方面被广泛应用,碳化木是真正的环保建材。
2. Deep carbonized material is also called complete carbonized material and uniform carbonized material. After carbonization at 180-250 ℃, due to the destruction of wood nutrients, it has good antiseptic and insect proof functions, which makes the elements of wood recombine, and has better physical properties. It is a real green environmental protection product. The product not only has the antiseptic and insect proof properties, but also does not contain any harmful substances, which not only improves the service life of wood, but also does not use the liquid medicine to soak it Bubble. In the production process, the treated waste is used to treat human body, animals and environment without any negative impact. Deep carbonized wood has nearly ten years of production experience in Europe, and it is the main alternative product after the ban of CCA anticorrosive wood. Deep carbonized and antiseptic wood is widely used in exterior wall board and outdoor floor furniture. Carbonized wood is a real environmental protection building material.
二、防腐木
2、 Antiseptic wood
防腐木是一种利用防腐剂对木材进行渗透和固化的木材,具有防止腐朽真菌和微生物入侵木材的作用。木材防腐剂的有效性主要取决于其对有害生物的毒性。对有害木材的生物毒性越大,防腐效果越强。一般来说,木材还需要添加其他助剂,一是起到防腐作用,可以提高木材的刚度、强度、耐久性,具有防腐、白蚁、抗真菌的作用,所以主要用于室外地板与水土接触的区域,为了保护环境,现在许多项目购买防腐木作为枕木,以碳化物木为地板。
Antiseptic wood is a kind of wood that uses preservatives to penetrate and solidify wood. It has the function of preventing rotten fungi and microorganisms from invading wood. The effectiveness of wood preservative mainly depends on its toxicity to harmful organisms. The greater the biological toxicity to harmful wood, the stronger the antiseptic effect. Generally speaking, wood also needs to be added with other additives. First, it can play the role of anti-corrosion, can improve the rigidity, strength and durability of wood, and has the role of anti-corrosion, termite and antifungal. Therefore, it is mainly used in the area where the outdoor floor is in contact with water and soil. In order to protect the environment, anti-corrosion wood is purchased as sleeper in many projects, and carbide wood is used as floor.
山东防腐木
两者的鉴别方式就是:1、防腐木表面黄绿色,炭化木表面棕色由于部分浸泡没有达到100%,因此切割防腐木会发现截面颜色不一致,深层碳化木材截面颜色相同。2、防腐木药水的气味很重,浸泡在水里会发出臭味。炭化后的木材不含药液处理,保留了木材原有木香。
The two identification methods are as follows: 1. The surface of the antiseptic wood is yellow green, and the surface of the carbonized wood is brown because part of the wood is not soaked to 100%. Therefore, when cutting the antiseptic wood, it will be found that the color of the section is not the same, and the color of the section of the deep carbonized wood is the same. 2. The smell of antiseptic wood potion is very heavy. It will stink when soaked in water. The carbonized wood does not contain liquid medicine treatment, and retains the original wood fragrance.