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山东木材防腐木的发展有哪些特点?

来源:http://www.jnajgc.com 时间:2020-04-30

  预防木材在贮存期发生腐烂的药剂。常用的药剂有沥青、煤焦油和五氯酚等。随着经济发展和人们环境意识的增强,木材保护技术面临着新的机遇和挑战,开发低毒、高效、不污染环境、具有选择性和经济的木材防腐剂是这一行业所急需解决的关键问题。目前,木材防腐剂的发展呈以下几个特点:
  An agent that prevents wood from rotting during storage. Commonly used reagents are asphalt, coal tar and pentachlorophenol. With the development of economy and the enhancement of people's environmental awareness, wood protection technology is facing new opportunities and challenges. Developing wood preservatives with low toxicity, high efficiency, no environmental pollution, selectivity and economy is the key problem to be solved urgently in this industry. At present, the development of wood preservatives has the following characteristics:
  1、杀菌剂使用铜是一种重要趋势。铜对真菌有较好的抑制作用,防腐效果好,价格适中,对环境柔和,对人畜无害,故被广泛应用于木材防腐剂中。
  1. The use of copper in fungicides is an important trend. Copper is widely used in wood preservatives because of its good effect of inhibiting fungi, good antiseptic effect, moderate price, soft environment and harmless to human and animal.
  2、复合杀菌剂的方法开发新型木材防腐剂可具有广谱、使用量少等优点。但性能优良的杀菌剂复合配置需进行大量筛选实验。
  2. The development of new wood preservative by the method of compound fungicide has the advantages of wide spectrum and less use. However, a large number of screening experiments are needed for the compound configuration of bactericides with excellent performance.
  3、采用和木材组分以共价键结合固定机理的防腐剂是发展方向。这样,可以使防腐剂与木材各组分形成较牢固的化学键,降低其流失性,提高防腐剂的长效性。
  3. The development direction is to use preservatives with covalent bond fixation mechanism with wood components. In this way, the preservative can form a stronger chemical bond with each component of wood, reduce its loss and improve the long-term effect of preservative.
山东防腐木
  4、防腐部门一般从相关行业的长效杀虫剂和防腐剂中筛选开发处优良的木材防腐剂,可以降低研究成本和开发费用。已经证明多种木材防腐剂的配方很环保,防腐效果也不错,如上海欧默化工的ISU30,ISU40等。
  4. The anticorrosion Department generally selects and develops excellent wood preservatives from the long-acting insecticides and preservatives of related industries, which can reduce the research cost and development cost. It has been proved that the formulation of various wood preservatives is very environmental friendly and the anticorrosion effect is good, such as isu30 and isu40 of Shanghai Omer Chemical Co., Ltd.
  5、具有天然防腐性能的植物化学成分提取和开发的生物防腐是21世纪木材防腐剂的重要特点,但有效成分的确定和大量提取的成本是这类防腐剂能否工业化生产面临的主要问题。
  5. The extraction of plant chemical components with natural antiseptic properties and the development of biological antiseptic are the important characteristics of wood preservatives in the 21st century, but the determination of effective components and the cost of a large number of extraction are the main problems faced by industrial production of such preservatives.